introduction the University system in California

The following is a brief introduction to the types of universities in California:
There are 4 main options:
  • Community Colleges.
  • California State University (CSU) schools.
  • Schools belong to the University of California system (UC).
  • Independent universities of Private.
  
Part 1: Community college system.
This system includes 109 public colleges, scattered throughout the state. Students entering college have several main options as follows:
Learn to get a certificate of vocational training (Certification). 
Learn to get an Associate Degrees degree. 
Study two years of college to qualify for a two-year university degree. 
Take a few classes according to your needs, don't pursue a degree. For example, take an accounting class, or an English class.
Vocational training programs have a duration of 6 months to 2 years. There are hundreds of college-educated disciplines such as health, electricity, electronics, accounting, police, etc. Students who want to enroll with the purpose of transferring to university need to inform the counselor immediately school for appropriate program instruction.

There are some advantages to starting college to go to college:
  • Savings: Study for two years of college then transfer to two years at university to help students save tuition for the first two years of a bachelor's degree. Not only do students save tuition, they can also save their living expenses if they live with their relatives, because colleges are usually close to home.
  • Priority for transfer to university in the state: California college students are given the highest priority among applicants for admission in the second or third years at UC and CSU.
  • Many colleges also have a separate agreement with UC and CSU to make it easier for students to transfer.
There are 7 out of 9 schools in the UC system that offer a guaranteed admission program for students of California colleges if students meet a number of conditions for college-based courses, called the "Transfer Admission Guarantee (TAG Program).
Each UC has contracts with a number of different colleges participating in this program. UC Berkeley is the school that has the most agreements with many colleges. You can refer to the TAG Program details and colleges participating in this program in the following brochure: http://www.universityofcalifornia.edu/admissions/A4T.pdf .

The bachelor's degree for students who transfer from college to university is no different from the four-year students studying at university, with absolutely no distinction. According to the experience of many international students and from themselves, the university even enjoys taking students from college to university because they have more opportunities to graduate than 4-year college students. because they have only two years left in college.

Starting from college helps students have a softer start than university because the college enrollment regulations are also easier. And the important thing is that college costs are much less than college costs.

Here are the websites you can use for reference:
List of California colleges: 
http://www.community-college.org/california_community_college.html

Compare colleges: 
http://www.californiacolleges.edu/Select/CompareView/default.asp

Location of colleges on the map: 
http://www.cccco.edu/Portals/4/Find/cccco_map_web.pdf

Part 2: California State University System (CSU)


CSU public school system has 23 schools with a total of 400,000 students and 44,000 lecturers and other staff. This is America's largest and most diverse university system, providing 1,800 degree programs. There are 60% of teachers and 40% of California engineers graduated from CSU. About half of the college degrees and one-third of the graduate degrees awarded each year in California are CSU's. CSU's alumni today are up to 2 million people.

CSU has a higher enrollment regime than CSU Poly San Luis Obispo CSU Poly, it is included in the "top 30" of public schools in the western United States. In addition, the architecture of this school is classified as "top 3" of the United States. CSU Long Beach is ranked "top 5" by US News in public schools in the western United States. CSU Poly Pomona is one of the strongest engineering schools in the United States. A number of other CSU schools are also in the "top 30" of western public schools: CSU Chico, CSU Fullerton, CSU Sacramento, and CSU Los Angeles.

Part 3: University of California System (UC)
UC public university system consists of 9 schools, scattered throughout the state: Berkeley, Davis, Irvine, Los Angeles, Merced, Riverside, San Diego, Santa Barbara, and Santa Cruz. The school has a total of about 200,000 students, 120 thousand lecturers and other staff, and more than 1, 3 million alumni. UC's activities emphasize research and medicine. Unlike CSU, UC has the authority to grant a Ph.D. and specialized doctoral degrees such as law, medicine and dentistry.

UC Berkeley is the largest and oldest school of the UC system, established in 1868. And the youngest school is UC Merced, established in the fall of 2005. Both schools accept bachelor and graduate students, except for two exceptions: UC San Francisco only trained in medicine and medical science, while UC Hastings, also in San Francisco, only trained law school.
  
UC has many respected professors in every field. There are 6 schools that are in the "top 50" of US News rankings of US universities. In it, UC Berkely ranked 21st, and UC Los Angeles ranked 25th. UC Berkeley is the only school ranked "top 5" for all Ph.D. In addition to outstanding doctoral programs, UC Berkeley is also ranked as a first-class bachelor's degree school in US public schools.

UC has medical schools at Davis, Irvine, Los Angeles, San Diego, and San Francisco. UC Los Angeles and UC San Diego are always in the "top 15", and UC San Francisco is in the "top 5" of US medical schools.

UC's recruitment policy targets students from "top 12.5%" in high schools. However, UC prioritizes California permanent residents. For example, the minimum GPA for admission to UC Berkely is 3.00 for permanent residents, but for 3.40 for other students (including international students).

Part 4: Private universities
California has 75 private, non-profit universities, with a total of about 28,000 lecturers providing a wide range of programs and qualifications to satisfy all needs. World-renowned schools such as Stanford University, California Institute of Technology, University of Southern California, and Pomona College social science school. In addition to the above schools, Pepperdine University, University of San Diego, Santa Clara University, Chapman University, and Loyola Marymount University are also highly regarded throughout the country.

Stanford University is the largest campus in the world, 32 km2, with about 6,700 undergraduate students, 8,000 graduate students, and about 1,700 lecturers. 40% of lecturers belong to the Medical School, and one third of the faculty belongs to the School of Humanities and Science. Stanford's Medical School emphasizes research, and falls within the "top 10" of American medical research schools.

Stanford's bachelor's program is ranked 4th according to US News, and is ranked second in international universities according to Newsweek. The donation to Stanford in 2006 amounted to US $ 911 million, the highest among all US universities.

A well-known, wealthy school, with very limited seats, Stanford is among the hardest to squeeze into America. Stanford's bachelor's admission rate is about 10.8%, the percentage of candidates admitted to law school is 7.7%, medical school is 3.3%, and business school is 10%, within the lowest rate in the US.

California Institute of Technology (Caltech) is a small school specializing in scientific and technical research. Caltech operates for NASA Jet Propulsion lab, a complex system used to monitor and manage most of NASA's space exploration equipment. World famous, but with a small range of 2,100 students, Caltech is very selective in enrollment. Caltech is ranked 5th in US universities under US News, right after Stanford. Caltech has 6 faculties: Biology, Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Engineering and Applied Sciences, Geosciences, Social Sciences and Humanities, and Physics, Mathematics, and Astronomy.

University of Southern California (USC) is California's oldest research-based private university founded in 1880. USC is located in the heart of Los Angeles, which is known as an international city. USC has the most diverse student body in the United States, coming from all 50 states and 115 other countries. USC offers a wide range of programs: International Relations School, Film School, Music School, Accounting School (Grade 5 according to US News), Business School (Grade 9), Law School (Grade 16), Pharmacy school (grade 18), and Technical school (class 31). 

Pomona College is a very interesting option for students who want to pursue social studies. Pomona College is ranked 7 in social science schools according to US News.

The above is a summary of the university system in California. Tuition is not mentioned because each school has different fees and may change from year to year. Estimates for a season of about 4 months (12 semester units) for an international student include tuition, health insurance, and books.
  

Cost of studying in the US
In the United States, the costs of studying at universities and colleges are very different. Accommodation and living expenses depend on your personal lifestyle. Tuition is the most out of your study expenses. Tuition fees can range from $ 10,000 to $ 55,000 (US dollars) each year.    
Accommodation costs depend on your personal preferences and the city in which you live. For example, staying at a university will always cost more outside the school. University students (bachelor's degrees) at some universities may be required to stay at the school for the first year, which can significantly increase living costs. Whether you decide to be alone or with friends will also affect your costs.   
Rental costs will range from $ 3,000 to $ 8,000 per year. If you rent an apartment, keep in mind that you have to pay extra expenses such as electricity, telephone, interior and college travel expenses.
Most universities offer meal plans for students to allow dinner to be served at the school. These plans are offered at different levels appropriate to the personal financial capacity of students. Most universities also require students to pay health insurance premiums so that they can use medical equipment at the school for medical examinations, basic testing and medication collection in case of diseases. usually (such as a runny headache, fever ...). This insurance is worth less than $ 1,000 per year.
Other costs are fees for student activities of up to several hundred dollars annually, and the cost of purchasing textbooks can range from $ 500 to $ 1,500 per year.
Tuition is only a part of the cost. In addition, you must also charge for living expenses, travel expenses ... This is the annual cost of living for Bachelor students according to College Board estimates:

However, it should be noted that at public universities, the cost is sometimes approximately the same as that of private schools. University of Michigan  (the highest ranked public university in the US, according to  QS World University Rankings ) announced the average tuition for international students is $ 41,906 / year, not to mention $ 10,246 of accommodation and $ 1,048 books and learning tools.

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