1. What is pate?
Pate is a food made from a mixture of the liver (or meat) of animals with some spices such as salt, pepper, sugar, ..., even pate can be added other ingredients such as fat, alcohol. wine or spices according to each person's own processing method. Therefore, pate has a characteristic rich and fatty taste.
Pate originated from countries in the European region and was introduced to Vietnam during the French colonial period (in the period 1858 - 1954). People use pate with toast or sandwich bread, because the pate is very smooth, it can be spread or sliced on a piece of cake before enjoying.
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In Vietnam, pate is classified into 2 types based on the processing method:
- Steamed pate: steamed by water bath method.
- Baked pate: baked in a metal or aluminum mold (like a cake mold), then put in an oven at about 250 degrees Celsius for 20 to 25 minutes.
In addition, in the world, people also divide pate into 2 types depending on preferences:
- Traditional pate: made from the liver of an animal, especially foie gras mixed with a little fat, popular in France and Belgium.
- Improved pate: is varied according to the culinary habits of each region, each country.
For example, pate is cooked in a sausage style called leberwurst in Germany - Austria - Netherlands; pate in the US is similar to leberwurst but the surface of pate has ridges; pate in the Nordic peninsula is made mainly from pig liver called leverpostej.
While, pate in Russia and Ukraine uses a mixture of liver and animal meat that is pureed, then mixed with fat (or butter) and some spices, so the taste is different from Western European countries.
2. Benefits of eating pate
Because it is made from animal liver and some spices, this food also has certain benefits, such as:
Helps replenish iron and copper
Each serving of pate (28g) contains about 113mcg of copper, or 13% of the recommended daily amount of the mineral copper.
When absorbed by the body, copper will activate cuproenzyme - this is an enzyme group that helps brain cells work efficiently, so that the brain develops healthy as well as minimizes some diseases related to the nervous system.
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In addition, pate also contains iron, each serving (28g) of pate contains about 1.5mg of iron (equivalent to 8% - 19% of the recommended daily iron intake).
Iron activates two familiar proteins, hemoglobin and myoglobin, which are able to transport and store oxygen in the body, thereby reducing the symptoms associated with anemia such as dizziness, fatigue or paleness.
Provides selenium and vitamin B2
Using pate will help the body absorb more selenium and vitamin B2, which are two nutrients that perform many important functions in the body. On average, each serving of pate (28g) provides 11.8mcg of selenium (21% of the RDI) and 0.17mg of vitamin B2 (13% of the RDI).
Selenium has the ability to activate proteins to strengthen the immune system, thereby preventing infections and supporting thyroid function.
Vitamin B2 is known for its important role in metabolism and aids in the breakdown of nutrients to release into energy for the body.
Good source of vitamin A and vitamin B12
In addition to the nutrients mentioned above, pate also contains a lot of vitamin A and vitamin B12 needed by the body. Each serving (28g) provides vitamin A about 40% of the RDI for women and 32% for men, and also provides 38% of the recommended daily intake of vitamin B12 for both men and women.
Vitamin A helps promote immune system health by contributing to the production of new white blood cells and controlling the functioning of mature white blood cells.
Meanwhile, vitamin B12 has the ability to help new red cells develop, and this vitamin also supports the health of the nervous system.
3. Is eating pate harmful?
Although pate contains many nutrients through some prominent vitamins and minerals that Dien May Xanh just mentioned above, eating pate incorrectly will also be harmful to your health, such as:
Contains high sodium content
On average, 100g of pate contains about 1g of sodium, which is quite high for the body. And if we absorb too much sodium every day, our body is prone to high blood pressure, especially those who have blood pressure problems.
May contain nitrite and sodium nitrate preservatives
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In pate products on the market, sellers can use common preservatives such as nitrite and sodium nitrate, which are two substances that can cause cancer as recommended by the World Health Organization (WTO). Specifically, nitrite can convert to nitrosamine under high temperature conditions, which is a cancer-causing compound.
Therefore, when choosing to use pate, you should buy products of clear origin and carefully read the ingredients used. Moreover, you can make pate at home to avoid consuming preservatives like other pate products on the market.
4. Notes when eating pate
With some of the above side effects that you may experience when eating pate, the following subjects should be aware of before choosing to use this food:
Since pate is made from animal liver and meat, it can contain Listeria bacteria. While, the body of women during pregnancy is often quite sensitive, if used incorrectly or using pate of unknown origin, you may experience some symptoms of food poisoning.
It is even dangerous to the fetus or premature birth. However, poisoning is rare, so pregnant women should only eat in moderation and about 1-2 times a week.
High blood pressure patient
As Dien May XANH shared above, pate contains a large amount of sodium, so it will affect blood pressure.
This makes high blood pressure patients should consider when choosing to use pate in their diet, to avoid high blood pressure and can lead to increased cholesterol levels in the body, or should only use pate once a week. such as.
5. How delicious is the new pate?
Depending on the taste and preferences of each person, the feeling of delicious pate will be different. You can feel by a number of factors as follows:
- Using the blade to cut the pate, you feel the knife path is quite fast and produces a nice slice of pate, not crushed or distorted.
- The pate feels smooth, not too mushy or too solid, in general the texture of the pate looks good and good.
- The taste is delicious, characteristic and has a moderate sweetness. Maybe, you will feel a slightly fatty taste first and then a sweet aftertaste, for example.
It is not difficult to know what pate is, what pate is made of and the benefits of eating pate along with the notes when using this food, right? Hope this information will help you in choosing to use pate!
*Aggregate and refer to information from Wikipedia and Livestrong.
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