What is GitHub? Top 7 benefits GitHub brings to programmers

Managing the project database, source code or storing the version after each edit is always a headache for programmers. GitHub platform was born as an effective solution to solve the above problems. With many preeminent features, GitHub is gradually becoming a reliable companion of the developer community.

So What is GitHub?? How does GitHub work and how does it help developers? Join Mat Bao to learn more about this platform in the following article.

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GitHub effective solution for programmers

What is GitHub?

1. What is GitHub?

GitHub is like a social networking site for programmers, a project management system and code versioning. At the same time, GitHub is also a service that provides Git source code repositories for software. In addition to the basic features of Git, GitHub also supports additional social networking features such as followers, feeds, network graph, making it easy for developers to interact with each other.

Currently, GitHub is being released with 2 versions, free and paid. The free version is not limited to users, anyone can use it to store source code. In contrast, the paid version is suitable for businesses that need the GitHub application to decentralize project security and enhance team management.

GitHub effectively supports the work of programmers

GitHub effectively supports the work of programmers

2. History of GitHub

GitHub was released in April 2008, written in Erlang and Ruby on Rails by Tom Preston – Werner, PJ Hyett and Chris Wanstrath. As of March 2018, GitHub is still considered the largest programming source code hosting service in the world.

Currently, the number of GitHub users has reached 25 million people with more than 80 million project source codes. This platform has gradually become an indispensable part of programmers and the open source development community.

3. How does it work on GitHub?

GitHub has 2 working platforms, Local Workflow and Server Workflow. Workflow will change the source code for revalidation on Server Workflow. The confirmation on the server must be the most complete version. Because errors on the confirmation can affect other team members when using the repository.

When using the server's archive, the user needs to provide a confirmation code for the system to compare. The user's local SSH key and the corresponding server's SSH key must match the previously registered account.

How GitHub works

How GitHub works

4. GitHub Basics Features

As Developer's largest social networking site, GitHub will provide the following features:

  • Wiki and Issue: task tracking, statistics and project name changes.
  • Watch Project: Monitor the activities of other projects, check the status and the software development process.
  • Follow User: Follow the activities of other members.

5. Git-related concepts that you need to know

In addition to the definition "What is GitHub??” we should also learn concepts related to GitHub. To work well on this platform, you need to know the following terms:

  • Repository: a place to store the necessary information for the maintenance and management of the project's source code and data.
  • Git: prefix of commands used under CLI.
  • Snapshot: stores content including folders and files in the form of snapshots.
  • Branch: shows the division of versions when there is a difference between them.
  • Commit: notify the system when you want to save the state, record the operation history or the folder on the Repository.
  • Clone: ​​clone, clone, show the entire history on the Repository. In the event of a server hard drive failure, users can use a copy on the client to restore the server state.
  • Folk: manipulating another owner's Repository to the user's account.
  • Tag: mark a commit when too many commits are hard to control.
  • Remote: control branches from the Repository on the server.
  • Diff: the difference between the current version and the version to be compared.
  • Gitignore: Git's default file used to remove folders or files that you don't want to push to Git Server.

6. The benefits of GitHub for developers

"Benefits of What is GitHub??” is always interested by many people especially when first approaching this platform. For the developer community, GitHub will bring practical benefits such as:

  • Support source code management

When creating a repo, the entire source code will be hosted on GitHub. Here, you can easily view and track your progress, know who committed and what. Thus, GitHub will help the source code develop more branches.

Manage source code with GitHub

Manage source code with GitHub

  • Tracking changes from version to version

GitHub is useful for projects with many members working together. It will save the changed content, save the file location and push it to the Repository for users to track.

  • Optimizing document display with Markdown

Markdown is a web-based text format that allows users to edit and change the appearance of documents, create lists, and add images. Markdown is integrated on GitHub at Git, Issue, Pull Request or in files with .md and .markdown extension.

  • Beautify your CV for programmers

Source code is the clearest demonstration of the ability of a programmer. Therefore, mastering GitHub-related skills is a way for developers to impress employers.

Master GitHub related skills

Mastering GitHub-related skills helps programmers make an impression

  • Improve and enhance coding skills

Improving and improving coding skills is one of the answers to the question “what are the benefits of What is GitHub??”. GitHub creates an environment for developers to interact with committed, open source and contributor projects. Daily changes, updates and comparisons will help you improve your skills.

  • Expand relationships, connect with people in the same industry

The world community using GitHub is extremely large. Therefore, through this platform, you can connect with many colleagues, exchange and share professional experiences with them.

  • There is an additional store of quality resources

The Explore function in GitHub will help users find open source projects according to the required technology pattern. In addition, GitHub's server also has automatic Workflow Scripts that support responding to events on Repositories.

7. What are the GitHub essentials?

The GitHub programming source code hosting platform includes the following elements:

GitHub Repository is used as a tool for hosting development projects. GitHub Repository stores many different types of folders and files, including license files and project README files.

GitHub Branch is used to work with many different versions in the repository at the same time. By default, each Repository will have a Master Branch. New branches will be used to fix bugs and function separately from the main branch. Any changes on the master branch will be updated.

Each element in GitHub performs an important function

Each element in GitHub performs a different function

GitHub Commits is the act of recording changes to a file or directory to the repository. With GitHub Commits, users can track the history of editing and file changes in the correct chronological order.

Pull Requests help to merge user change suggestions with master. Content changes, additions and subtractions will be displayed in color by the Pull Request.

With its superior features, GitHub is really an effective solution for project management, source code and edited versions. Hope the above article of Mat Bao has helped you answer the question "What is GitHub?? and learn more about this platform.

The image and content of the article are compiled by Mat Bao.

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