How to install Nextcloud server on Windows 10

    NextCloud is a perfect replacement for Owncloud cloud storage software. It has both an open source community version and a paid business version. NextCloud also provides the same server-client structure as Owncloud and supports many extensions. Users can install NextCloud Community Server version on PC or server to create local cloud memory in the home.


    NextCloud client application is available for Windows, Linux , MacOS, as well as iOS and Android smartphone platforms. So, this is a cross-platform cloud storage with modular structure, with capabilities that can be expanded using plugins or extensions provided by NextCloud. There are more than 200 extensions like calendar (CalDAV), contacts (CardDAV), URL shortener , stream media (Ampache), bookmark service, image collection, RSS reader, document viewer Data, browser-based text editor, connect to Dropbox , Google Drive , Amazon S3 and more.

    NextCloud's interface is easy to use and user friendly. Here in this tutorial, we will see how to install NextCloud on Windows 10 without using XAMMP, WAMP, IIS server or virtualization software like VirtualBox or VMware. The article will use WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux) feature on Windows 10. This feature allows running Linux environment applications on Windows 10 with high performance like any original Linux server. That's why NextCloud also runs on Windows 10 very smoothly and doesn't have any problems.

    Step 1: Enable WSL on Windows 10

    WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux) is available on Windows 10 and you only need to enable it. To do that, the user must go to Control Panel> Programs> Turn Windows feature on or off .

    Enable WSL on Windows 10


    Step 2: Download the Linux environment application from Microsoft Store

    To install NextCloud on Windows 10, you first need a Linux application from Microsoft Store. Go to the Windows search box and enter Microsoft Store. When it appears, click on it and search for Ubuntu 18.
    Find Ubuntu 18



    Microsoft Store will display the Ubuntu 18. application and select it, then use the Launch button .

    After launching the Ubuntu Linux environment , it will take a while to set up.

    Launch Ubuntu


    Step 3: Install Apache + PHP + MySQL / MariaDB for NextCloud

    Run the following commands to install Apache with MariaDB and PHP 7.2

    sudo apt-get install apache2 mysql-server libapache2-mod-php7.2
     sudo apt-get install php7.2-gd php7.2-json php7.2-mysql php7.2-curl php7.2-mbstring
     sudo apt-get install php7.2-intl php-imagick php7.2-xml php7.2-zip

    Step 4: Download and install NextCloud server on Windows 10

    To download the latest version of NextCloud, you need to access the official download page here .

    Because NextCloud does not provide a repository like Owncloud to download server files directly, there are two options to download via SNAP or directly from the website.

    Unfortunately, SNAP (Snapcraft) still can't work on Windows Subsystem for Linux systems, so it can't be used here. The other option is through the download page.

    On Nextcloud page, right-click the Download button and copy the link address.

    Copy Link address


    Now go to the Ubuntu window (WSL) and type wget, then right-click to paste the link.

    wget https://download.nextcloud.com/server/releases/nextcloud-15.0.5.zip

    Step 5: Extract the NextCloud server file

    Unzip the Nextcloud zip file and then move the file to the web folder.

    sudo apt install unzip
    View downloaded files:

    ls
    Extract files:

    unzip downloaded_file name
    In the case of example, the file name is downloaded as nextcloud 15.0.5.zip so the command is:

    unzip nextcloud-15.0.5.zip
    You must use the NextCloud zip file name to be downloaded.

    Unzip the NextCloud server file


    Step 6: Copy Nextcloud files into Apache web directory

    After unpacking, it's time to move the Nextcloud folder to / var / www / html. The command to use is:

    sudo mv nextcloud /var/www/html/nextcloud/
    Create Data folder inside the folder to be copied:

    sudo mkdir /var/www/html/nextcloud/data
    Set permissions for the Nextcloud folder:

    sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www/html/nextcloud/
     sudo chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/nextcloud/

    Step 7: Create a new configuration file named nextcloud.conf

    Now, we will create the Apache configuration file for NextCloud, let Apache know how to allow users to access cloud memory. For this purpose, create a configuration file called nextcloud.conf. The command to use is:

    sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/nextcloud.conf
    After the above step, add the following lines to the configuration file:


     DocumentRoot /var/www/html/nextcloud/
     Alias /nextcloud "/var/www/html/nextcloud/"

     Options +FollowSymlinks
     AllowOverride All
     Require all granted

     Dav off

     SetEnv HOME /var/www/html/nextcloud
     SetEnv HTTP_HOME /var/www/html/nextcloud

     ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
     CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

    To save and exit files, press CTRL+ Oand then CTRL+ X.

    Activate the new site created with the command:

    sudo a2ensite nextcloud.conf
     sudo apt update

    Step 8: Command for additional Apache configurations

    Activating the following modules to Nextcloud can work properly:

    sudo a2enmod rewrite
     sudo a2enmod headers
     sudo a2enmod env
     sudo a2enmod dir
     sudo a2enmod setenvif
     sudo a2enmod mime
    Restart Apache to make the installed modules effective:

    sudo service apache2 stop
     sudo service apache2 start

    Step 9: Create MySQL / MariaDB database for NextCloud

    At the present time, we have done almost everything related to installing web servers for the cloud. The next step is to create the database with the following command:

    sudo mysql
    To create a database, the article will name it nextdb, but you can put anything you want.

    CREATE DATABASE nextdb;
    Next, create Database user with password and assign all databases created on the right or above for it.

    Note : h2smedia is the username and next @ 123 is the password. You can change them as you like. In it, nextdb is the database name created above.

    GRANT ALL ON nextdb.* to 'h2smedia'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'next@123';
    Wipe out privileges so that MySQl can recognize changes and then exit.

    FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
     exit

    Step 10: Set up and configure NextCloud server on Windows 10

    Finally, access the browser and enter http: // localhost / nextcloud or http: //127.0.01/nextcloud. A database setup page and NextCloud account will be opened.

    Enter the username and password you want to assign to the Nextcloud admin account. And then below, enter the details of the database you created above, then click the Finish Setup button . All operations completed.

    Set up and configure NextCloud server on Windows 10


    Nextcloud is successfully installed


    Above is how to install NextCloud server cloud storage in Windows 10 without installing any other software like WAMP or XAMMP.

    Hope you are succesful.

    1 comment:

    1. It's not working, I'm getting error while "sudo service apache2 start":

      * Starting Apache httpd web server apache2 *
      * The apache2 configtest failed.
      Output of config test was:
      AH00526: Syntax error on line 5 of /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/nextcloud.conf:
      AllowOverride not allowed here
      Action 'configtest' failed.
      The Apache error log may have more information.

      ReplyDelete