Types of life insurance 2021

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 Types of life insurance 2021

There are several types of life insurance. This article provides a detailed overview of the types of life insurance, how much they cost, and which life insurance is better and best suited for you.

The first thing you do after buying a car is get insurance. The same goes for a house; You protect your home with homeowner's insurance. You have a life too, so it's only natural to have life insurance, right?

Life insurance is one of the most important aspects of your family's long-term financial planning, but it's also one of the hardest to discuss. Its goal is simple: to replace your income for your family if you pass away. What is the  best  type  of life insurance for you? The best type of life insurance for you can be determined by a number of factors, including how long you want the policy to be in effect, how much you want to pay, and if you want to use the policy as a vehicle. investment. However, choosing the perfect coverage for you can be a confusing and frustrating experience with so many options around, and each offers some lucrative benefits.

With us at your side, it is not so. We'll guide you through the most popular life insurance policies and help you determine which is right for you.

There are many possibilities to buy life insurance, but it is not so difficult as it can appear. In a word, there are two types of life insurance policies: term insurance and whole life insurance. Term life insurance is a type of insurance that lasts for a certain period of time (term) and then expires. Whole life insurance, on the other hand, is a type of permanent insurance that provides you with coverage for the rest of your life. More insurance plans fall into these two groups, each with its own advantages and disadvantages.

Basic features of a life insurance contract

Before diving into the features of several types of life insurance policies, you must understand that, in reality, a life insurance policy is a commitment: financial protection for your loved ones. when you are no longer there. How a life insurance policy fulfills this promise is demonstrated by its basic characteristics:

Death benefit

The death benefit is the amount paid by the insurance company when the insured departs. When the insured or annuity dies, the death benefit is paid to the recipient of the life insurance policy, annuity or pension. Death payments from life insurance plans are not taxed, and named recipients typically receive death benefits as a one-time payment.

Beneficiaries

The person or persons entitled to the survivorship regime are the beneficiaries. It can all go to one person, for example, one surviving spouse, or it can be divided as a percentage for a few people such as a spouse can get 50%, and two Adults each can get 25%. And by the way, the beneficiary doesn't have to be a blood relative or even a person - if you choose, you can leave all or part of your death benefit to an organization, such as a charity.

Term or duration of the policy

The term of a life insurance policy means how long the insurance company is willing to pay out the death benefit. Term insurance policies typically have a policy term of a fixed number of years, ranging from 10 to 30 years. Permanent insurance provides coverage to the insured for the rest of his life. In whole life and universal life insurance, coverage is provided as long as the premium is paid.

Insurance fees

The payment or amortization that an insured agrees to pay to a company for insurance is called a premium. You enter into a contract with an insurance company that guarantees a refund in the event of damage or loss in exchange for you agreeing to pay them a specific, lesser amount. You can make a lump sum or a series of regular or monthly payments, depending on the type of coverage.

Cash value

The cash value of a life insurance policy is an investment component that develops over time and can be cashed or borrowed. A term policy does not have any cash value; This feature is only available for permanent life insurance policies.

Basic types of life insurance

While term and permanent life insurance (whole life insurance) are probably the two types of life insurance you've heard about the most, there are many different options. Most of these options are under the umbrella of a permanent life insurance policy. Let's take a look at each type of life insurance policy, one by one.

Term life insurance

A term life insurance policy provides coverage for a specific period of time, usually ten to thirty years. Term life insurance is also known as “pure life insurance” because unlike whole life insurance, it has no monetary value. The main purpose of term life insurance is to provide payment to your beneficiaries if you die within a certain period of time.

Most individual term insurance policies have a tiered premium rate, which means you pay the same amount every month. When the term ends, you have two options: have no insurance or buy new insurance, which will most likely be more expensive: the older you are, the more expensive the insurance will be. Many companies will allow you to convert a term policy to permanent life insurance for part or all of the coverage period. Premiums on term life policies taken through employers are often offered "above age of attainment," which means they will increase over time.

In the event that you pass away before the contract term ends, a specific amount will be given to your designated beneficiary, known as the death benefit. Term insurance is the most basic and accessible type of life insurance; however, it is useless unless you die during that time. Think of it similar to car insurance. You send a check to your insurance company every six months (or maybe monthly). They take your check and deposit. They will pay your claim if you get into a car accident. But what if you don't have a problem? You don't expect your insurance premiums to be refunded just because you paid them to take all risks on a family cross-country trip.

When you contribute as a premium, you are funding a death benefit that will be distributed to your dependents after your death. A lump sum, a monthly payment, or an annual payment may be used to pay the death benefit. Most people choose to receive a death benefit as a lump sum payment.

Term insurance is intended to cover short-term necessities, such as a mortgage or tuition payments. The initial term insurance price is lower than the permanent premium, allowing you to receive higher coverage at a younger age. Term insurance does not allow the accumulation of financial value.

Term life insurance is the most common type of life insurance offered by employers. When an employee leaves, coverage ends. Most states require employees to have a conversion privilege, allowing them to change coverage to a permanent policy when they leave their employer. Term life insurance policies are less expensive than other forms of life insurance, with lower average premiums.

Permanent life insurance

Permanent coverage accumulates cash value over time and provides long-term protection as long as premiums are paid, with flexibility and regular payments to suit your individual financial circumstances. The cash value and face value of the contract are not the same. Cash amount is the amount that will be given to the recipient you selected. The term "cash value" refers to an amount that increases tax-free over time.

You can use the cash value of the policy to pay for insurance premiums, purchase additional insurance or loan collateral. Loans must be repaid with interest, or the beneficiary's death benefit will be reduced. You can also convert the cash value of the permanent insurance into an annuity, which will pay you a fixed amount for the rest of your life. In addition, the policy may be canceled or given up in monetary value. If the cash value exceeds what you paid in premiums, you may owe tax on some of it.

Permanent life insurance policies can be customized with riders allowing that policyholder to purchase additional coverage without proving insurability, covering long-term care costs, or collecting money. death insurance if the person loses the ability to work or has a terminal illness. Riders and their prices vary depending on the policy.

While term insurance is the most frequent type of benefit in the workplace, some companies offer permanent life insurance as a self-funding benefit to their employees. Employees who leave or leave the company can keep their coverage by paying the premium directly to the insurance company.

Types of permanent life insurance

There are several types of life insurance policies that fall within the scope of permanent life insurance. Let's discuss them one by one.

Lifetime insurance

Lifetime insurance does not expire; it is therefore considered a type of permanent life insurance. If term life insurance is easy to understand, permanent life insurance products like whole life insurance are more confusing. That is partly because it is a financial product that tries to achieve two things at once. It is trying to provide life insurance benefits by paying your dependents in the event of your death while also trying to act as an investment account.

When you purchase a whole life policy, you can lock in premiums for the life of the policy. That's not attractive, is it? And when you pay your insurance provider's monthly premiums, a portion of that goes into a cash value account. Growth cash value accounts are tax-deferred for the life of the contract, so you pay no tax on profits.

In a whole life policy, the death benefit and premium must stay the same (level) for the duration of the standard whole life policy. As the insured gets older, the cost per $1,000 of benefits will increase, and obviously it will increase dramatically as the insured lives to age 80 or older. The insurance company may charge an annual fee, but most people will have a hard time buying life insurance in their advanced age. As a result, insurers often maintain premiums by charging a larger premium than is necessary to pay out claims in the early years, investing the money, and then using it. to supplement premium rates to help pay for life insurance for older individuals.

As a certain percentage of your premium goes into a cash value account, the longer you own the policy, the more its cash value. Cash value has some significant advantages that you can take advantage of while still alive. It takes a few years for your money to grow into something useful, but once you have it, you can borrow it back, use it to help pay your insurance premiums, or even sell it for cash to live on. retirement.

It's exactly like having a savings account. Some might see this as a drawback of whole life insurance because your life insurance has only one purpose: to pay out your beneficiaries in the event of your death. And since whole life insurance achieves this while creating cash value, you often pay more for less coverage.

Whole life insurance policies have three distinct characteristics compared to other insurance policies.

  • For the rest of your life, you will pay the same premium.
  • Guaranteed death benefit (provided premium is paid).
  • The policy also provides guaranteed cash value with a guaranteed growth rate.

As a result, whole life insurance can be significantly more expensive than term life insurance. Worse still, whole life insurance doesn't collect as much cash value as a good mutual fund if the extra money you pay is moved into a fund. Is it reasonable to pay more for less coverage and a poor long-term investment? If you need cash value to fund things like endowments or estate planning, or if you have long-term dependents like children with disabilities, whole life insurance may be worth it.

General life insurance

Like other types of permanent life insurance, Universal Life Insurance has term benefits and cash value. Unlike whole life policies, universal life policies have flexible premiums, which means you can use a portion of the cash value to adjust your annual payment. . In all cases, you are still responsible for paying the minimum premium for the insurance to work, but depending on the potential cash value you have, you may be able to eliminate the premium payment. Alternatively, you can choose to leave everything alone and accumulate some cash value over time.

This brings us to a long-term investment strategy associated with universal life insurance. A portion of the monthly premium is for the death benefit in a general life policy, while the remainder is invested as savings. The idea is that the investment will grow over time, possibly enough to cover the entire premium. Universal life insurance is considered a poor investment approach because of the high management fees and annual renewal period.

Universal life insurance

In guaranteed universal life insurance, your premiums do not change, and your death benefit is guaranteed. Insurance policies often have little or no cash value, and insurance companies expect timely payments. You can specify the age at which the death benefit will be guaranteed. If you fail to pay on time, you risk losing your guaranteed universal life insurance policy. You will walk away with nothing as the policy has no cash value. On the other hand, guaranteed universal life insurance is less expensive than whole life insurance and other forms of universal life insurance because of its low cash value.

Universal Link Coverage Indexed

An index is a collection of investments, such as stocks or bonds, such as the S&P 500 and the NASDAQ-100. The insurance company does not invest in the market directly, but instead bases your policy's interest on the interest and performance of a particular index.

Indexed universal life insurance products have a guaranteed minimum interest rate (so you won't lose money), but the interest rate is not fixed or variable, unlike insurance policies. other permanent dangers. Most indexed universal life insurance policies have an income limit, which means that if the index exceeds the set maximum limit, you could lose profits.

Indexed universal life policies offer the same benefits as universal life policies, but cash value accounts increase and decrease by a different method. The cash value of the universal bond is based on a variable interest rate set by the life insurance company. In contrast, the cash value of universal life is indexed against an index determined by the insurance company.

Variable life insurance

Trying to pay too much at once, universal life policies can vary similarly to whole life and universal life policies. They will only get more and more complicated! Variable universal policies attempt to combine the functions of a life insurance policy, a savings account, and a mutual fund. And that's not cheap at all.

In variable life insurance, you can choose how to invest your cash value. There are hundreds of risk levels of stocks and bonds to choose from, just like in a regular mutual fund. You are offered different investment options that match your cash value, and you can choose how much risk you want to take with each option. That's where the "variables" part comes in. However, it is important to remember that insurance is about risk and who bears the risk.

You have control over the risk in your investments because you have control over where your money is invested. However, there is no promise of how large the cash value of the variable universal life plans will be.

Universal life insurance

Universal life insurance sometimes feels like a combination of universal life insurance policies and variable life insurance because it shares different characteristics with both policies. life insurance.

In universal life insurance, you have the power to change the premium and death benefit amount while investing in the cash value of the policy. However, it also has many of the same risks as other types of life insurance. Most people don't require the complexities of a universal life insurance policy, so you should consider additional insurance and investment possibilities. You can always choose a cheaper term life insurance policy alongside traditional investments like mutual funds. This combination will give you the same coverage as a universal life policy, but at a cheaper cost and with less hassle.

Ultimate cost insurance

End-of-life expenses coverage only covers expenses related to the end of life, such as funeral and burial expenses. Coverage is permanent in the sense that it will continue to exist until you continue to pay your premiums, but there is no cash value or investment component to these policies. Older adults often purchase end-of-life insurance to protect loved ones who have to shoulder these costs out-of-pocket.

While the premiums for these plans are typically low, the death benefit is generally small because it's not intended to provide your beneficiaries with financial support over many years. Lifetime, lifetime, and term policies may be more valuable to younger, healthier people who expect to develop cash value or provide a high death benefit for a loved one. their.

Other types of life insurance

In addition to term and permanent life insurance policies (whole life, total and ultimate cost), there are several different types of life insurance. See here what and how they provide coverage for you.

No health insurance coverage

Signing up for a term or lifetime policy is like trying out for a sports team — you have to go through a thorough medical exam just to get started! We are talking about blood test, drug test, supplement for body weight!

This year, however, there is no medical screening policy and no-touch exams have become the norm due to the pandemic. This strategy is available now for the same price as those in need of health checks from leading companies.

There are two types of life insurance that do not require a physical examination:

Life insurance matters simplified

You don't have to show up for a medical exam to get a simplified problem insurance policy. However, you may be asked some health-related questions and may be denied based on your answers. To speed up the application process, life insurance policies are approved instantly using online, short-term health surveys, as well as algorithms and big data.

Guaranteed problem life insurance

Guaranteed issue comes with fewer restrictions than the simplification policy; you don't even have to answer any health related questions. The only criterion is that you are between the ages of 40 and 85. One disadvantage is that a decentralized death benefit will cover your policy.

In other words, if you die within the first few years of your policy, your beneficiary will only receive a fraction of the full death benefit. This type of policy allows people who are denied for other types of health hardship to purchase adequate life insurance to cover their ultimate needs.

Declining term: mortgage life insurance and credit life insurance

Decreasing term life insurance was created to provide a reduced term benefit proportional to your liabilities. Mortgage life insurance and credit life insurance are two examples of this type of insurance. The death benefit in these cases is set up to follow the repayment schedule of a mortgage or other personal loan.

Insurance policies are recommended to pay off your debts or pay off your mortgage if you pass away. So it's basically just paying off your debts — and your beneficiaries aren't getting the full benefits of life insurance. In other words, they may inherit nothing more than a debt that has been paid off or reduced but has no cash. There is no monetary value, like term life insurance. As a result, after the deadline, the final value is ZERO.

However, if life insurance is about preserving your family's long-term financial plan, how can you plan for something you don't know how much it's worth? This is a problem when term life insurance declines. You never know how much they will be worth when you die, so they don't provide much financial stability for your family.

Accidental death and disability insurance

The AD&D policy, also known as the accidental death and dismemberment policy, is one of those policies that most people have encountered at some point. Insurance salespeople try to provide you with low-cost coverage to pay in the event of your accidental death or separation. It pays part of the compensation if you lose an arm and are unable to work. It provides full death benefit if you die in an accident.

These plans are inexpensive—usually a few dollars per pay period—but you get what you pay for. If a medical procedure causes your death, a health-related problem, or a drug overdose, most AD&D policies do not pay a death benefit. As a result, your odds of dying in an accident decrease as you age. That is why the AD&D policy is not a substitute for a term policy.

Group life insurance

We now have group life insurance. This type of life insurance is purchased by a company or organization, interprets the name “group” and then offers its employees as a privilege. Most group life insurance is a provision, although some employers also offer permanent coverage as an optional (employee-paid) benefit.

Until recently, the most common way to get life insurance was through individual policies purchased through agents or directly from insurance companies. Today, more and more Americans are covered by group insurance policies through their workplace. These plans are inexpensive because the business or group is essentially “buying in bulk.” Some companies even offer employees free term insurance equal to 1 times their annual income. Group coverage can also be streamlined, at least for a lower amount of coverage, to make it easier for employees with health problems to get coverage. On the other hand, the amount of coverage may be limited.

If you've opted for group life insurance at work, the best news is that it's usually free. It is also an alternative to going to the doctor to get life insurance. But that's where the benefits stop. Unfortunately, the death payout of a basic group life insurance policy is negligible. This is because most of these plans only cover a few times your annual salary. Remember that a life insurance policy with benefits 10–12 times your annual salary is not a good idea.

While group life insurance may not provide the total coverage you desire, it can be an effective and easy option to start or supplement your life insurance. Check to see if the policy is transferable, which means you can take your insurance with you if you quit.

Cohabitation insurance (first death)

Cohabitation insurance, commonly known as first death insurance, is a cash value policy that is sold to couples who want to share the policy. Think of joint life insurance plans as the life insurance equivalent of a joint checking account. For a single expense, the policy covers two people. When the first spouse dies, the insurance policy pays the death benefit.

And there is a difference: if your finances are typical of most families, then one spouse earns more than the other. Remember that the purpose of life insurance is to replace a person's income in the event of their death. Joint life insurance is a universal policy that provides equal benefits to both spouses. That means you could pay more to protect your spouse's part-time income from any source than if you just bought two separate term life policies. When you consider the costs, a shared life insurance policy doesn't make much sense.

Life insurance (after death)

Survivor insurance is typically designed for wealthy individuals who seek to avoid paying substantial inheritance taxes on their assets. They do not intend to protect your spouse in any way. Furthermore, your spouse is not covered in the event of your death. The record-breaking message, as with all cash value policies, is that you and your spouse are better off buying a term life insurance policy and then investing it in a mutual fund. suitable.

If universal life insurance policies aren't for you, second survivor or death life policies are a total waste (and hard to talk about doubly). Because a living life policy, which is also a type of cash value policy, does not provide benefits to anyone until both spouses die, we recommend avoiding them altogether.

Term insurance vs whole life insurance

The following are some of the basic differences between term insurance and whole life insurance:

  • Premium: Premium rates are viewed in the most common types of both term and whole life insurance. That means your premium payments won't change over time, and you'll always know how much you owe.
  • Cash Value: Term life insurance policies do not accrue any cash value. The cash value account is included in the lifetime policies and it has a period of coverage with a fixed interest rate.
  • Death benefit: Payments for lifetime and lifetime plans, known as death benefits, are guaranteed and do not fluctuate. Beneficiaries receiving a death benefit are generally tax-free. The main difference is that there is no payout if you outlive a term policy. Usually, you can renew a term insurance policy at a greater cost when the premiums issued expire. If you don't renew, your policy will expire and your coverage will end. On the other hand, if you continue to pay premiums, whole life insurance will cover no matter when you die.
  • Price: Whole life insurance is more expensive than term life insurance because it provides permanent coverage and cash value.

What type of life insurance should I buy?

To understand which type of life insurance is best for you, save your money, and will provide long-term peace for your loved ones, first and foremost you really need to have How much life insurance?

How much life insurance do you need?

One of the first steps when purchasing life insurance is determining the level of coverage you will require. Buying life insurance should be done as part of a more comprehensive financial strategy. A financial advisor can help you identify gaps and strengths in your current situation and where you want to go.

Life insurance calculator

To calculate the amount of life insurance you need, several online platforms offer the convenience of a life insurance calculator. In most cases, the life insurance calculator will use your current assets and liabilities to determine the amount of life insurance coverage you require.

How to manually calculate the amount of life insurance you need

You can also calculate the amount of life insurance you need yourself. Here is a simple procedure with the help of the following formula:

  • Expenses you want to cover - existing assets = Amount of life insurance you need
    • Expenses you want to cover could include a mortgage, income replacement, large debts, or your child's college tuition.
    • Existing assets can include existing life insurance, savings, college 529 savings,

The amount you will receive after doing the above calculation will be the life insurance you need.

Conclusion

Whatever type of insurance you get, make sure it's from a reputable and financially stable insurance company. After all, one of the main advantages of buying life insurance is that it helps provide a sense of security in an uncertain world. Financial strength ratings are an unbiased approach to determining whether a company is there for your family in the future. Look for a company that has received a “Premium” (A+) rating from a reputable insurance rating agency.

After understanding all the basics of a life insurance policy, it's time to consult with someone who can assist you in determining what type of life insurance is best for you. As you might assume, age, financial situation, family status and many other factors will all play a role. A broker or financial advisor can assist you in determining which form of policy is right for you, how it can be personalized to your needs, and what alternatives are available. if term, lifetime or universal coverage doesn't meet your needs.

If you don't have someone to talk to about insurance, there are a number of internet resources that can help you learn more about buying life insurance or even find a local financial professional who can listen to you. Listen to your concerns and guide you on how to best solve the problem.

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