Little known facts about the Egyptian pyramids

1. Uses and meanings of the Egyptian pyramids


According to many recorded documents, the ancient Egyptians had a strong belief in resurrection and immortality. They prepared very carefully and thoughtfully for the death of themselves and those of their families and clans by building tombs. The pyramids served as tombs for Pharaohs and queens during the Old and Middle Kingdom periods.


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The shape of the Egyptian pyramids is thought to represent the primordial mound from which the Egyptians believed the Earth was created, as well as the sun's rays. The names of the pyramids are also related to sunlight. For example, the Curved pyramid at Dahshur is called the Shining pyramid in the South, and the Senwosret pyramid in el-Lahun is called the Shining Senwosret.


To date, scientists have found 138 pyramids in Egypt. They are mostly built on the left bank of the Nile, where the sun goes down and are considered related to the world of the dead in Egyptian mythology. The Nile River is the main river of North Africa, often considered the longest river in the world, with a length of 6,853 km and emptying into the Mediterranean Sea. The Nile River is the most influential in Africa, associated with the formation, development and death of many ancient kingdoms, contributing to the creation of the Nile Civilization.


Among the pyramids in Egypt, the great pyramid of Giza, also known as the pyramid of Khufu, is the oldest and largest pyramid located in the Giza pyramid complex of Egypt, with only one pyramid. This tower is on the list of seven wonders of the ancient world. The Great Pyramid of Giza was built over a 24 year period from about 2560 BC, as the tomb of Pharaoh Cheops of the 4th Dynasty of ancient Egypt.


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2. Abnormal heat inside the Pyramids


Although the temperature outside is very hot, inside the pyramids, specifically the pyramid of Giza, the temperature is always stable at about 20 degrees Celsius. According to the history of world civilization, scientists carry coins rusted into the pyramid and after more than a month the coins became shiny and new.


They continue to bring a cup of fresh milk inside the pyramid and after 1 month, the taste and color of the milk glass has not changed, or the fruit brought there for half a month is still very fresh, not at all. dehydrated, withered or damaged. It is still a historical mystery that no scientist has yet been able to explain.


3. How to build pyramids


Little known facts about the Egyptian pyramids photo 1


Until now, scientists have not found the exact way to help the ancient Egyptians build the pyramids.


The pyramid is built from 2.3 million stone blocks, each stone weighs from 2.5 to 15 tons. People have made many theories about the process of building the pyramids. Some believe that the pyramids were built by extraterrestrial beings, while others believe that the ancient Egyptians possessed a lost secret through the generations to build the pyramids. tower.


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The Pharaohs all started building their own pyramids as soon as they ascended the throne. Often these special tombs are located on the west bank of the Nile, with the belief that the souls of the Pharaohs will mingle with the sun and continue the eternal cycle with the sun.


The central parts of the pyramids are usually built from good quality limestone, these layers of limestone are used to build the outer layer of the pyramids, giving them a sparkling white color that can be seen from a distance. miles. The rock placed on top is usually granite, basalt or any other hard rock that can be plated with gold, silver or electrum – an alloy of gold and silver. Especially those stones must reflect well with sunlight.


The ancient Egyptian method of cutting and transporting stone is still being studied. Scientists have found evidence that the ancient Egyptians used bronze chisels to mine sandstone and limestone. Harder rocks such as granite or diorite require stronger tools. Dolerite – a very hard black igneous rock used by the Aswa people for granite.


To transport the stones to the construction site, a group of men or herds of oxen would pull the rocks on a road previously lubricated with oil. Next, people will use small slopes made of mud bricks and then put mortar on top to harden the surface and transport the rocks up the pyramid.


4. Types of traps inside the pyramid


There were many different types of traps that were placed in ancient tombs to protect kings from the harassment and disturbance of unwanted people. Traps made of extremely thin, sharp steel threads are hung at neck level. Snake traps also often appear in many ancient Egyptian tombs, they are often extremely venomous cobras, trained to guard the tomb. The indispensable trap is the poison trap, people will scatter a lot of hematite powder – a sharp metal dust, if accidentally inhaled hematite powder, the body will gradually corrode and die slowly in pain.


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